Source Matching and Rewriting (to improve performance) (preprint)

Source Matching and Rewriting
by Vinicius Couto, Luciano Zago, Hervé Yviquel and Guido Araujo
Institute of Computing - UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil

A typical compiler flow relies on a uni-directional sequence of translation/optimization steps that lower the program abstract representation, making it hard to preserve higher-level program information across each transformation step. On the other hand, modern ISA extensions and hardware accelerators can benefit from the compiler’s ability to detect and raise program idioms to acceleration instructions or optimized library calls. Although recent works based on Multi-Level IR (MLIR) have been proposed for code raising, they rely on specialized languages, compiler recompilation, or in-depth dialect knowledge. This paper presents Source Matching and Rewriting (SMR), a user-oriented source-code-based approach for MLIR idiom matching and rewriting that does not require a compiler expert’s intervention. SMR uses a two-phase automaton-based DAG-matching algorithm inspired by early work on tree-pattern matching. First, the idiom Control-Dependency Graph (CDG) is matched against the program’s CDG to rule out code fragments that do not have a control-flow structure similar to the desired idiom. Second, candidate code fragments from the previous phase have their Data-Dependency Graphs (DDGs) constructed and matched against the idiom DDG. Experimental results show that SMR can effectively match idioms from Fortran (FIR) and C (CIL) programs while raising them as BLAS calls to improve performance.

In Figure 6 they show the speedup of their approach compared to gfortran and flang on the Polybench benchmark, which I have uploaded to GitHub.